Unique Anglo-Saxon silver coin, minted during the reign of Æthelberht II, found in East Anglia

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23 May 2014
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imports_CCGB_theuniquesilverpennym_18496.png The unique silver penny minted for Æthelberht II found by metal detectorist Darrin Simpson
A unique Anglo-Saxon silver penny which provides a clue to the murder of a saintly East Anglian king by a neighbouring monarch has been been found in a Sussex field by a metal detectorist. ...
A unique Anglo-Saxon silver penny which provides a clue to the murder of a saintly East Anglian king by a neighbouring monarch has been been found in a Sussex field by a metal detectorist.

The 1,200 year-old coin minted during the reign of Æthelberht II will be auctioned at Dix Noonan Webb in London on 11 June 2014, when it is expected to fetch £15,000 to £20,000.

Auction update: COIN SOLD FOR £78,000

Darrin Simpson, a 48 year-old pest control specialist from Eastbourne, Sussex, was hurrying to shelter from a hailstorm in early March when he picked up a signal on his detector. Despite the appalling weather he stopped, dug down 6-8 inches and found the penny which has been identified by experts as the only one of its type ever discovered.

'I thought it was a Saxon coin,' Mr Simpson said. 'The first one I had found, and I was very happy about that.'

It was not until he contacted the Early Medieval Corpus of Coin Finds at the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge that he realised the full
importance of his discovery.

'It was a bit of a shock really, I couldn’t sleep for two nights after it was identified,' he said. 'The condition is really good. This is a unique
coin. I doubt if I will ever find anything better.'

The coin is only the fourth ever found from the reign of Æthelberht II, a shadowy figure who ruled East Anglia in the late 8th-century. The other three are all in museums and have a different design. The coin found by Mr Simpson is the first to have Æthelberht’s name and the title REX on the same side.

'This new discovery is an important and unexpected addition to the numismatic history of 8th century England,' said Christopher Webb, head of the coins department at Dix Noonan Webb.

Little is known about Æthelberht II’s reign but stories about his piety and his gruesome end ordered by Offa, king of neighbouring Mercia, have survived down the centuries.

His reign over the kingdom of East Anglia is thought to have begun in 779.

Fifteen years later in 794 he reluctantly agreed to marry Eadburh, Offa’s daughter, and set off to visit her at the Mercian king’s villa at Sutton Walls in Herefordshire. In a scene worthy of the television series Game of Thrones, Offa’s queen Cynethryth persuaded her husband to have their guest killed and Æthelberht was seized, bound and beheaded. Even in those brutal times, the murder of one king by another was rare.

According to medieval legend, Æthelberht’s severed head later fell off a cart and, after being found in a ditch, restored a blind man’s sight. The dead king was declared a saint and became the focus of a religious cult in East Anglia. Many parish churches in Norfolk and Suffolk are still dedicated to him.

The coin to be auctioned at Dix Noonan Webb may have been one of the reasons for Æthelberht’s terrible end. The East Anglian king is believed to have struck the other three known coins from his reign with the approval of his much more powerful neighbour Offa.

However, the newly-discovered penny looks like an act of defiance by the increasingly ambitious Æthelberht.

The fact that Æthelberht’s name and the title REX (King) appear on the same side of the coin may have demonstrated a degree of independence that was simply too much for Offa and Cynethryth to bear and they decided to kill him. How this penny came to be in a Sussex field will never be known but its discovery by Mr Simpson provides us with a possible motive for a 1,200 year-old Anglo-Saxon royal murder.
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